greenpeace-logo2.jpg

History


History
Founded in 1971, Greenpeace is an environmental non-governmental organization whose goal is to change global attitudes and behavior about the environment while promoting peace. The idea began when nuclear weapons testing began on a small island in Alaska called Amchitka in the late 60's. An earthquake a few years earlier in Alaska raised issues on whether the testing would cause yet another earthquake, possibly causing a tsunami. The test went ahead as schedule, even with many protestors complaining, and was successful. When news broke out about the testing of a bomb 5 times as potent as the last on the same island, the public's alarm was raised. Many movements arose to stop the testing, and even members of the military began to complain. One veteran of the Navy, Jim Bohlen, joined forces with Irving and Dorothy Stowe, a couple in the Sierra Club. Dorothy wanted to follow the example of Albert Bigelow, who led a voyage protesting against the the construction of nuclear weapons. The method of protest they would use would be of “bearing witness”, where simply being present at an opposing event would show protest. The idea led to the creation of “Don't make a Wave” by the Sierra Club. They charted a ship, which they dubbed the Greenpeace, and in the early fall of 1971, left America for the testing site. They were eventually forced to turn back and dock in Canada due to bad weather and by request from the U.S. Confidence, a navy ship. When they arrived in Canada, they discovered that their journey had become international news. Soldiers on the U.S. Confidence supported their cause and had contacted news papers, telling them of the journey. Eventually, the bomb was detonated, causing much criticism from other countries. The U.S. Ended testing at Amchitka. The Don't Make A Wave group changed their name to Greenpeace Foundation, after the ship that began it all. As for the original founders, there is much debate about who was and wasn't a founder. The Greenpeace Foundation has said “there was no single founder, and the name, idea, spirit, tactics, and internationalism of the organization all can be said to have separate lineages.









Goals


Greenpeace's core values are as listed from their website:
  • We 'bear witness' to environmental destruction in a peaceful, non-violent manner;
  • We use non-violent confrontation to raise the level and quality of public debate;
  • In exposing threats to the environment and finding solutions, we have no permanent allies or adversaries
  • We ensure our financial independence from political or commercial interests;
  • We seek solutions for, and promote open, informed debate about societies environmental choices.
Greenpeace's goals are:
  1. Catalyzing an energy revolution to address the number one threat facing our planet; climate change.
  2. Defending our oceans by challenging wasteful and destructive fishing, and creating a global network of marine reserves.
  3. Preserving the world's remaining ancient forests, and the animals, plants and people that depend on them.
  4. Working for disarmament and peace by reducing dependence on finite resources and calling for the elimination of all nuclear weapons.
  5. Creating a toxic free future with safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals in today's products and manufacturing
  6. Supporting sustainable agriculture by encouraging socially and ecologically responsible farming practices.




Greenpeace has many ways that they work to achieve their goals. They hold protest events, speak with world leaders, raise money for projects, and many other activities. Right now they have defending stations in the rainforests, people talking to farmers, and protests against overfishing.




Where in the World?


Greenpeace has offices in about 41 countries, utilizing the support of 2.86 million volunteers to help. Greenpeace headquarters is currently located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Currently, they are trying to block a shipment of nuclear waste from France to Russia. In Japan, activists are blocking a shipment of whale meat from Iceland, trying to get commercial whaling put to an end. The largest operation right now is the campaign to stop Nestle from buying palm oil from companies that destroy Indonesian forests. To watch the campaign ad, click on the link below:


http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/climate-change/kitkat







Success Stories


These success stories hail from the Greenpeace Official web-page:
February 2010: Indian computer manufacturer Wipro announces the launch of a new PVC and BFR-free computer, after several years of pressure by Greenpeace on tech companies to provide toxic-free electronics.
November 2009: Household chemical giant Clorox announces a phase out of the use and transport of dangerous chlorine gas in the US, bowing to years of pressure on the industry from Greenpeace.
March 2009: The Great Bear Rainforest protection agreement comes into force in Canada, capping one of Greenpeace's longest running campaigns by protecting an area half the size of Switzerland from logging. The campaign was won with direct non-violent action on the ground, consumer pressure, stockholder actions, and thousands of online activists worldwide.


This is a link to a video clip of one of their successes:


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2hZKX6WSCg

Is this what Facebook means to you?
Visit the Greenpeace International Facebook page to learn more about
Get Facebook.com Off Coal:


http://www.facebook.com/greenpeace.international?v=app_6009294086











Fun Facts


Greenpeace is extremely fond of using boats and sailing to their protest destinations. Two of their most famous ships are the Rainbow Warrior and the Rainbow Warrior II. This method is based off of Albert Bigelow. Bigelow was a former Navy commander who saw first-hand the devastation of nuclear arms. He was one of a few people who housed Hiroshima maidens, women who had suffered mutation from the atomic bomb, and had come to America for plastic surgery. He was astonished at their lack of anger at America. He later joined a non-violent protest group that sailed a boat to Eniwetok Proving ground, an atmospheric nuclear arms testing site. They were stopped after several court orders prevented them from entering the zone. They were arrested and jailed for 60 days, where he came up with the idea for a book. He wrote and published a book of his travels.


I chose this organization for several reasons, the first of them being that they have combined two different issues into one campaign. Protecting the environment is a hard enough challenge, but Greenpeace does this while promoting peace. It was interesting to see the ways that the the two concepts work together to benefit the other. Another reason for choosing this organization is that I think protecting the environment is very important, and what this foundation does could affect the way I live my future. The last reason for this choice is that it was a group that I had heard of in the news, but never actually knew about. It was interesting to learn about their history and accomplishments. It will also be nice to see future articles in the paper pertaining to a Greenpeace success, and know that they are doing a good job.




Sources
www.wikipedia.com
www.greenpeace.org
www.google.com



Goals

Where in the World


Success Stories


Project of Focus


Project Product



Fun Facts



Sources

http://www.brennanit.com.au/Portals/0/Community%20Logos/greenpeace-logo2.jpg