The United Nations external image UN-LOGO%20copy.jpg


The United Nations also known for short as the UN, is an international organization that was established as an essential post war action after World War two. Even before victory, certain Allied powers were discussing how crucial a world organization that unites nations is to prevent a World War three. In London the inter-Allied Declaration was signed on June 12, 1941 by representatives of the UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa, and the governments-in-exile of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Yugoslavia at the St. James' Palace. They declared that they promised "to work together, with other free people, both in war and peace". Two months and two days later, President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom created the Atlantic Charter, containing a set of principles for international collaboration in keeping peace and security. On January 21 of the next year, representatives from 26 different Allied Nations came together in Washington D.C. to sign the Atlantic Charter, which contained the first official use of the term "United Nations". This action meant that each of these representatives supported the charter and would follow the contents. The next dates of importance came significantly later in 1943. In the Moscow conference on October 30, 1943 the Governments of the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and China decided to start their international organization earlier than anticipated. This goal was followed up at the Teheran conference in Teheran, Iran on December 1, 1943, were leaders from the United States, the USSR and the United Kingdom confirmed that they would most definitely like to start their organization early. From September 21 to October 7, 1944, the United States, the United Kingdom, the USSR and China established the first blueprint for the United Nations at a conference held at the Dumbarton Oaks mansion in Washington D.C. They were able to agree on what the organization should aim to do, how it should be structured and how it should function. At the Yalta conference on February 11, 1945, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Premier Joseph Stalin were able to work together and declare that they would establish "a general organization to maintain peace and security". Finally on April 25, 1945, delegates of 50 nations made their way to San Francisco for the United Nations Conference on International Organization. They created a 111-article charter for the organization, which they adapted unanimously on June 25, 1945 at the San Francisco Opera House. The signing of the charter took place in the Herbst Theatre auditorium of the Veterans War Memorial Building. Finally on October 24, 1945 the United Nations was established with five permanent members of the security council, which remain the permanent members of the security council for as long as the United Nations was in operation. The five countries of this particular council include the USA, France, China, the United Kingdom and Russia. In order for decisions to be made in the United Nations, all five of these permanent members must agree on the matter at question or it will not come into effect. They have the right to veto each others ideas. As well there is 10 non-permanent members which are elected by the General Assembly for two year terms. They are not able to have immediate re-elections. The number of non-permanent members has increased since the establishment of the United Nations from 6 to 10 due to an amendment of the charter in 1965. Any disputes between members of the United Nations are expected to be solved in a manner that follows the goals of the United Nations. Each member must be respectful to other members to create peace among international dignitaries. By the end of the war there were 51 member countries.
United Nations Official flag
United Nations Official flag

The emblem was established on December 7, 1946 (the large picture at the top of the page). The design of the emblem is wreath-like with a map of the world standing for an azimuthal equidistant projection (basically a globe with every point of the world at correct distance and correct angle to the centre of the projection as they are on Earth) that's centre is the North Pole. The plant around the globe is branches of an olive tree, and bodies of water are in white. This globe extends 60 degrees south latitude and has five circles around its centre. The symbolism of this emblem can be found in the olive tree branches which symbolize peace. The land that's in the colour blue, is the areas in the world which the United Nations feel are their concern to achieve their goals in. The flag for the United Nations was established on October 20, 1947, and has the United Nations emblem on it. The only difference is that the emblem is in white and the background in blue.

azimuthal equidistant
azimuthal equidistant


Goals of the United Nations are as follows
  • To maintain international peace and security, and to prevent and remove threats of this peace in a peaceful manner.
  • To develop friendly relations among nations, with an understanding between every nation that respect of equality and allowing people to make their own decisions without "persuasion" should be practiced
  • To take appropriate measures to strengthen the universal peace in which they are trying to establish.
  • To be the centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to maintain all of their goals.
  • To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems with are economical, social, cultural or humanitarian related.
  • To promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms without isolation of minority groups
  • To prevent war which has twice brought sorrow to the people of the world
  • To promote social progress and better standards of living and freedom
  • To unite our strengths and make the world a better and safer place to live.
  • To employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all nations
  • To establish conditions which justice and respect to the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained.
To achieve its goals, the United Nations has several programmes, campaigns and projects that they work hard in, in order to make a difference for the lives of those in need. Several of these projects will be defined in the Where in the World or Success Stories portion of this site. The United Nations provide services that help with human rights, women rights, children rights, children help, peacekeeping, AIDS/HIV prevention, help in developing and modernizing countries, protection of human rights, action plans to help elderly people, natural disaster relief and and relief after critical conditions. The way that they provide relief in these areas differs depending on what the relief is for. The only source of income for the United Nations is only generous donations and payments that the 192 member countries must pay. They have two budgets: one is a regular budget for core functions at the Headquarters and field offices in the world, while the other is for peacekeeping for various operations.
The 2008-2009 budget was $4.17 billion. For peacekeeping, the budget was about $6.8 billion from July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008. That same year O.5% of global military spending was about $6.8 billion. It is way more expensive to fight than to be peaceful!

Where in the World

The United Nations works to provide peace in all member nations and between nations but is more present in some countries. Here are where they do each of their projects and who benefits from them:
  • Africa benefits from the Office of Special Adviser on Africa explained in detail in the Success Stories portion of this website. Africa has seven active peacekeeping operations in Chad and the Central African Republic, Darfur, Sudan, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Western Sahara.
  • Elderly people throughout the world benefit from programs such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing. The United Nation want to ensure that all elderly people are treated properly, have good care, aren't lonely and happy.
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations tries to eliminate hunger in both developed and developing countries ensuring that as many people as possible have good nutrition. They also help developing countries modernize agriculture, forestry and fishing practices. They spend extra attention to those in rural areas where 70% of the world's poor and starving people live. Recently on March 31 they delivered seeds and tool kits to 68,000 households in Haiti. IFAD does similar actions.
  • The World Food Programme helps those in need of food in emergency situations and natural disasters such as victims of war, civil conflict, droughts, floods, earthquakes, hurricanes and crop failures.
  • UNAIDS helps people all over the world who are suffering from HIV/AIDS, and tries to educate the population and prevent further cases.
  • UNICEF helps children all over the world who are in need for some reason or other.
  • 166 countries benefit from the United Nations Development Programme including Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Conga, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, UN administered province of Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Palestinian Programme, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraquay, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovak Republic, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, The Former Yugoslav republic Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The United Nations works on creating change in each of these countries giving them knowledge, experience and resources so each person in each of these countries can create a better life for themselves.
  • UNDEF or the United Nations Democracy Fund tries to spread Democratic views internationally to hopefully spread human rights and citizen involvement in national decisions to as many countries as possible.
  • United Nations Peacekeepers try to create peace in areas suffering from conflict, and try to develop a foundation for the country to keep the peace that they receive after a conflict has been resolved. Currently the United Nations Peacekeepers has 16 missions including the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad, the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur, the United Nations Mission in the Sudan, the United Nations Mission in the Sudan, the United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire, the United Nations Mission in Liberia, the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, the United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste, the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus, the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon and the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization.
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  • Women throughout the world benefit from campaigns such as UNiTE to End Violence Against Women (explained in further detail under Successful Stories).

Success Stories

With the kind of goals of the United Nations and the diversity of its members, it can easily be assumed that they have a huge impact in today's times globally. As days go on, several non-government organizations and other civil society organizations (CSOs) are becoming partners with the United Nations in certain efforts, linking the United Nations with the ability to become involved in other organizations as well as their own initiatives. CSO's are indispensable members at United Nations conferences, and help the United Nations significantly at the country level. Here are a few of the projects that the United Nations runs.

UNiTE to End Violence Against Women

In 2008 Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon created a campaign called UNiTE to End Violence Against Women, with the purpose of ending violence against all females in the world. This violence ranges from physical to sexual to psychological to economical all of which do not support peace and security in families, communities and nations. external image banner3.jpgIt has been determined that up to 70% of women will experience violence at some time in their life, and women from the age of 15 to 44 have a higher chance of experiencing rape and other forms of the worst types of violence than cancer, car accidents, war and malaria. UNiTE to End Violence Against Women wants to call everyone together that has the heart to help the females in the world who are experiencing violence, and the females who will be at risk in further generations. This campaign wants to create awareness and has the following goals that they wish to achieve by 2015 in all countries:
  • Adopt and enforce national laws to address and punish all forms of violence against women and girls
  • Adopt and implement multi-sectoral national action plans
  • Strengthen data collection on the prevalence of violence against women and girls
  • Increase public awareness and social mobilization
  • Address sexual violence in conflict

This first goal is essential to creating a world free of violence against women, because without laws against this violence, people do not think against the violence and become immune to it. In several countries the laws to end the violence are not taken seriously, non existent or give only small sentences for those who do not obey them. Rape in marriages is not considered a civil or criminal offense in more than 50 countries as well as other forms of domestic violence. Some countries have made specific laws to prevent violence against women, and established federal support for those who have become victims. Psychological and economical violence are now considered as forms of domestic violence in numerous countries such as Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and South Africa. With laws people will come to understand that violence against women is wrong and a crime. The second goal of ensuring that their are national action plans on violence against women is important in creating awareness and reinforcing that this violence is wrong. Example of action plans that have been established include that the United Kingdom has made guidelines for police, social workers and educators on how to act about forced marriages; countries such as Finland, Ireland, Japan and Nepal have established courtroom procedures that allow victims privacy during trials; in most of Asia and actually first used in Malaysia, health services for victims of domestic violence are available in one interagency unit, and hotlines and helplines have been created in most countries. Goal 3 is essential in making people realize how common violence is, how quick we need to act on it, and ways that we can help those in need. We need to get rid of the fear of getting help for victums. In a 2005 WHO study, 55% to 95% of women in ten different countries out of 24,000 stated that they had been abused physically by their spouses but had never contacted the police, a NGO or shelters for assistance. For further information on UNiTE to End Violence Against Women feel free to visit there website at

Before 1945 Africa had become under colonial rule and was no longer free, however the United Nations were undergoing a huge decolonization effort in 1945 and were able to make Africa indepenexternal image osaatitle.jpgdent. This independence didn't exactly bring peace, and Africa to this day has major challenges in which they must fight. Extreme poverty, illness and malnutrition are only some of these challenges. In addition, there is many terrible consequences created by the regional conflict that exists in Africa. Luckily, the United Nations is trying to "help Africa help itself" trying to inform Africa about democracy, trying to establish peace between fighting nations, and by being present and supporting economic and social development as well as protection of human rights. Currently, the United Nations has seven active peacekeeping operations in Chad and the Central African Republic, Darfur, Sudan, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Western Sahara. In addition the Office of the Special Adviser on Africa was established on May 1, 2003. Their mission is to:

  • enhance international support for Africa's development and security through its advocacy and analytical work,
  • assist the Secretary General in improving coherence and coordination of the UN system support to Africa, and
  • facilitate inter-governmental deliberations on Africa at the global level, in particular relating to the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).
For more information on OSAA feel free to visit


Number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS
Number of people in the world living with HIV/AIDS

AIDS is the short form for immune deficiency syndrome which is caused by a virus that destroys some types of white blood cells preventing the body from being able to protect itself from diseases. This conexternal image logo_en.gifdition is transmitte from person to person through infected blood, sexual intercourse and from mother to child at birth. This virus is called HIV short for human immunodeficiency virus. Currently there are about 33 million people in the world with HIV/AIDS, with about 67% of these people living in sub-Saharan Africa. In Africa alone there are 14 million AIDS orphans. The United Nations established UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program for HIV/AIDS which is co-sponsored by 10 United Nations agencies. These agencies include UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNFPA, UNODC. ILO, UNESCO and the World Bank. This program would like to to stop and reverse the spread of HIV through a series of actions and goals, and create universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services. For more information feel feel to visit

Case Study

Like many children in the world, 12 year old Brazilian Leandra Cristina Da Silva had to work to help her family and to survive, instead of going to school or being a kid. Each day of the week Leandra would become covered in dust and grime as she worked with her mother Marcia in the Olinda garbage dump for ten hours or more, trying to find cans and bottles to sell. To add to the hard day of work, she would do her chores in her home before she went out with her mother each morning. external image ChildLabor_Brasil_Leandra_Link.jpg Since her home had no running water, she would have to do without or go and get water. When she returned home from the dump she would go to sleep in a bed in which she shared with her brother, sister and mother. It is illegal to make children like Leandra work in such dangerous conditions as the Olinda dump, however middleman would use child workers to make money, and parents have to do something to feed their children when living in poverty. Regardless of the amount of work that Leandra did and the risks that she would take, she only earned $3 a day. Luckily, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and United Nations Labour Organization teamed up with the Brazilian Government to put children in conditions where children belong: school and home. The Bolsa Escola (School Scholarship) programme grants families to replace the income children make, and allow them to go to school. Marcia was never able to go to school, but Leandra had always dreamed of going to school and her dream finally came true when UNICEF approached her family. Leandra is now a full-time student who has classes in the mornings and arts and crafts courses in the afternoon. Her family lives in a new house, her brother and sister also get to go to school each day, and her mother no longer has to work at the dangerous OIinda garbage dump.

Project in Focus

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I believe that the most important service that the United Nations has created for the world is UNICEF. UNICEF is an organization which helps hundreds of millions of children in the world that are in need. They help children in several ways such as in survival and development, basic education, gender equality, HIV/AIDS and protection. How UNICEF helps children in each of these ways, and why their actions are so important will be described below.
Survival and Development
In 2007, an estimated 9.2 million children in the world under the age of five died from causes which could have been prevented. Some of these causes were illness such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, while others were from HIV/AIDS, malnutrition, poor hygiene, lack of safe water and adequate sanitation. Half a million women do not survive pregnancy or the first few days after, leaving children motherless. UNICEF works with governments national and international agencies and citizens of the world to help make sure that children survive throughout their growing up years, and develop properly. Vaccines, antibiotics, micronutrient supplementation, insecticide-treated bednets, improved breastfeeding practices, and adaptation of safe hygiene practices can help children survive. As well allowing children to basic education, ending poverty, preventing HIV/AIDS and conflict and discrimination, we can increase the chances of the children surviving and growing up to produce families that can also survive on their own possibly. UNICEF allows children to have the most important right, survival. The first step in creating a world better for children, is allowing each child to live to be adults.
Basic Education and Gender Equality
Educational is something that every child has a right to have, and needed to create successful individuals and successful generations to come. Education allows individuals to create healthy lifestyles for themselves, prevents HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases as children become educated about how to protect themselves, and ensures that children can make the leap from adolescence to adulthood. It's also important to teach children at an early age that females and males are equal by providing both genders with the same opportunities, so that they as a generation can eliminate stereotypes about females and males. UNICEF works hard to provide as many children as possible with an education regardless of gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic background or circumstances.
An estimated 2.1 million children had HIV/AIDS in 2008. Millions of children also had lost at least one parent or caregivers to AIDS. Without the essential support of their caregivers, the children of the world are more likely to experience poverty, drop out of school and early death. UNICEF works hard to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV, provides paediatric treatment, prevents infection among adolescents and children, and supports children affected with AIDS. These actions are important to prevent the spreading of HIV, to educate the population about how to stop the transmitting of the virus, to help children live as long as possible with AIDS, and to provide children who have lost parents to the virus survive, and not experience poverty, early death, or drop out of school.
A Secure Environment for Children
Millions of children in the world experience or witness violence, exploitation and abuse in communities, schools and institutions. These children are without protection, and these experiences affect their ability to survive, grow and develop. UNICEF works hard to create a safe environment for children with the help of governments, national and international partners. Hopefully, these safe environments will help children survive, grow, develop, and not use violence, exploitation and abuse with children when they become adults.

So Why is UNICEF the most important service that the United Nations provides in my opinion?
I believe that UNICEF is the most important service that the United Nations provides, because it concentrates on helping children who are suffering and who don't have a voice. The best way to create a better world for tomorrow is to create a generation with new views on peace, and all of the opportunities that they can have. If children have views that are free of racism, stereotypes and discrimination, they will be able to pass on their views to the generations after them, and soon after many generations the world will become a better place where everyone is equal, and discrimination is almost history. By providing children with education they will be able to do more with their life, and have good paying jobs, possibly stopping poverty in the families to come. Also, if all children receive education, there will be more educated people in the world to make a difference. By providing children with secure environments free of abuse, violence and exploitation, they will be more likely to not be abusers, exploiters or violators when they grow up. By educating children about sexually transmitted diseases, there is a higher chance that sexually transmitted diseases will become history in the generations to come. The children that we raise, are the adults of the future.

To find out more about UNICEF feel free to visit

Project Product

external image C:%5CUsers%5CCat%5CAppData%5CLocal%5CTemp%5Cmsohtmlclip1%5C01%5Cclip_image002.jpgTo help support UNICEF and the United Nations efforts for children I have created a t-shirt that can be sold and worn to raise awareness for UNICEF and the children in need of the world (could not paste onto the website). The t-shirt is light blue on both the front and back. On the front the UNICEF logo is by the chest area. On the back is a picture of several children from many different nations holding hands, and in a circle around Earth symbolizing peace. A dove is flying in the sky, and symbolizing freedom. Under this picture are the words "The children that we raise, are the adults of the future. Help Create a Better Tomorrow" in dark blue writing.
The picture on the back of the shirt
The picture on the back of the shirt

Fun Facts

  • The United Nations has received the Nobel Peace Prize 10 times in 60 years. In 2007 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Albert Arnold Gore Jr, in 2005 the International Atomic Energy Agency with Mohamed ElBaradei, in 2001 the United Nations with Kofi Annan, in 1988 the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces, in 1981 the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, in 1969 the International Labour Organization, in 1965 the United Nations Children's Fund, in 1961 Dag Hammarskjold, in 1954 the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and in 1950 for Ralph Bunche.
  • There is no official anthem or hymn for the United Nations
  • On December 10 is the day that the United Nations announced the Universal Declaration of Human rights to the world. This declaration pressures governments that have violated human rights, and is considered by most countries as the basis for global morality.
  • The United Nations offers very generous packages and benefits to those who work for them. Starting salaries have factors such as academic knowledge, professional qualifications and the position in which one is applying for.
  • Currently the least developed countries in the world are Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democracy Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Island, Somalia, Sudan, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Urganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen and Zambia. Each of these countries has a Gross National Income per capita of $745 or under in a three year average; the percentage of the population is undernourished and/or or the mortality rate for children aged 5 and under and/or for the gross secondary school enrollment ratio and/or for the adult literacy rate; an economic vulnerability based on population size, remoteness, merchandise export concentration, share of natural resources, homeless owing to natural disasters, instability of agricultural production and instability of exports of goods and services.
  • Currently the Secretary General of the United Nations is Ban Ki-Moon of the Republic of Korea, whose term terminates in December of 2011.
  • The United Nations has 192 Member countries
    Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
    Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
  • The United Nations does not issue international passports, driver's licenses or travel documents. This is a duty of national authorities.
  • The United Nations cannot provide financial assistance to individuals or private organizations.
  • An organization called the League of Nations was established in 1919 after World War 1 and like the United Nations wanted to maintain world peace. However, not all countries became members of this organization and it failed to take action on unpleasant actions.
  • The United Nations official headquarters are situated in New York City. This land is not owned by just the United States of America, but all members of the United Nations.
  • The official languages of the United Nations are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
  • There are 6 main committees: Disarmament and International Security, Economical and Financial, Social, Humanitarian and Cultural, Special Political and Decolonization, Administrative and Budgetary and Legal

Why did I chose to learn about the United Nations, and make a website dedicated to them?
I chose the United Nations and made a website dedicated to the for three reasons.

  • I dream of world peace, and the United Nations makes the world as peaceful as it can become. They bring nations together and allow them a chance to work together. They believe in peace not war.
  • The United Nations supports every single person in the world in need, regardless of race, religion, gender, age or appearance.
  • The United Nations works hard to create human rights for all people in the world, and do not just sit back and watch things happen. Unlike the League of Nations, the United Nations acts on unpleasant things that are going on in the world to stop them.